Peer-Reviewed Publications

  1. Belon, A.P., Nieuwendyk, L.M., Vallianatos, H., & Nykiforuk, C.I.J. (2016). Perceived community environmental influences on eating behaviors: A Photovoice analysis. Social Science & Medicine, 171, 18-29. Full text available:
  2. Nykiforuk, C.I.J., McGetrick, J.A., Crick, K., & Johnson, J.A. (2016). Check the score: Field validation of Street Smart Walk Score in Alberta, Canada. Preventive Medicine Reports, 4, 532-539. Full text available:
  3. Nieuwendyk, L.M., Belon, A.P., Vallianatos, H., Raine, K.D., Schopflocher, D., Spence, J.C., Plotnikoff, R.C., Nykiforuk, C.I. (2016). How perceptions of community environment influence health behaviours: using the Analysis Grid for Environments Linked to Obesity Framework as a mechanism for exploration. Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada, 36(9), 175-184. Full text available:
  4. Belon, A.P., Nieuwendyk, L.M., Vallianatos, H., & Nykiforuk, C.I.J. (2016). Community lenses revealing the role of sociocultural environment on physical activity. American Journal of Health Promotion, 30(3), 92-100. DOI: 10.4278/ajhp.140428-QUAL-169. Full text available:
  5. Hammer, B.A., Vallianatos, H., Nykiforuk, C.I.J., & Nieuwendyk, L. (2015). Perceptions of healthy eating in four Alberta communities: a photovoice project. Agriculture and Human Values, 32(4), 649-662. DOI: 10.1007/s10460-015-9583-1.
  6. Olstad, D.L., Campbell, E.J., Raine, K.D., & Nykiforuk, C.I. (2015). A multiple case history and review of adoption, diffusion, implementation and impact of provincial daily physical activity policies in Canadian schools. BMC Public Health, 15(385). DOI: 10.1186/s12889-015-1669-6. Epub ahead of print: April 14, 2015. PubMed PMID: 25885026.
  7. Belon, A.P., Nieuwendyk, L., Vallianatos, H., & Nykiforuk, C.I. (2014). How community environment shapes physical activity: perceptions revealed through the PhotoVoice method. Social Science & Medicine, 116 , 10-21. DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.06.027. Epub 2014 Jun 17. PubMed PMID: 24973570
  8. Nykiforuk, C.I.J. (2014). Chapter 20: Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in public health. In: Guest, G. (Ed.), Public Health Research Methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.
  9. Nykiforuk, C.I.J., Nieuwendyk, L.M., Humeniuk, A., & Klaver, K. (2014). The ‘Community Action Dash’: Resident and visitor perceptions of an inner city neighbourhood during a community-led event. In: Moufakkir, O., & Pernecky, T. (Eds.), Ideological, Social and Cultural Aspects of Events. Oxfordshire, UK: CABI.
  10. Nykiforuk, C.I., Wild, T.C., & Raine, K.D. (2014). Cancer beliefs and prevention policies: comparing Canadian decision-maker and general population views. Cancer Causes and Control, 25(12), 1683-1696. doi: 10.1007/s10552-014-0474-3. Epub 2014 Oct 16. PubMed PMID: 25319013.
  11. Minaker, L.M., Raine, K.D., Wild, T.C., Nykiforuk, C.I., Thompson, M.E., & Frank, L.D. (2014). Construct validation of 4 food-environment assessment methods: adapting a multitrait-multimethod matrix approach for environmental measures. American Journal of Epidemiology, 179(4), 519-28. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwt272. Epub 2013 Nov 20. PMID: 24264292.
  12. Montemurro, G.R., Raine, K.D., Nykiforuk, C.I.J., & Mayan, M. (2014). Exploring the capacity-building process among community-based health promotion workers in Alberta, Canada. Health Promotion International, 29(3), 463-73. doi: 10.1093/heapro/dat008. Epub 2013 Feb 27. PubMed PMID: 23445941.
  13. Olstad, D.L., Raine, K.D., & Nykiforuk, C.I.J. (2014). Development of a report card on healthy food environments and nutrition for children in Canada. Preventive Medicine, 69, 287-295. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.10.023. Epub 2014 Oct 28. PubMed PMID: 25450497.
  14. Pleson, E., Nieuwendyk, L.M., Lee, K.K., Chaddah, A., Nykiforuk, C.I.J., & Schopflocher, D. (2014). Understanding older adults’ usage of community green spaces in Taipei, Taiwan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 11(2), 1444-1464. DOI:10.3390/ijerph110201444. PMID: 24473116; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3945547.
  15. Schopflocher, D., VanSpronsen, E., & Nykiforuk, C.I.J. (2014). Relating built environment to physical activity: two failures to replicate.International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 11(2), 1233-1249. doi: 10.3390/ijerph110201233. PubMed PMID: 24464234; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3945535.
  16. Raine, K.D., Nykiforuk C.I., Vu-Nguyen, K., Nieuwendyk, L., VanSpronsen, E., Reed, S., & Wild, T.C. (2014). Understanding key influencers’ knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about healthy public policy change for obesity prevention. Obesity (Silver Spring), 22(11), 2426-2433. doi: 10.1002/oby.20860. Epub 2014 Aug 6. PubMed PMID: 25131938.
  17. Raine, K.D., Sosa Hernandez, C., Nykiforuk, C.I., Reed, S., Montemurro, G., Lytvyak, E., & MacLellan-Wright, M.F. (2014). Measuring the progress of capacity building in the Alberta Policy Coalition for Cancer Prevention. Health Promotion Practice, 15(4), 496-505. doi: 10.1177/1524839913511627. Epub 2013 Dec 13. PubMed PMID: 24334541.
  18. Belon, A.P., & Nykiforuk, C. (2013). Possibilities and challenges for physical and social environment research in Brazil: a systematic literature review on health behaviors. Cadernos de Saude Publica/Reports in Public Health, 29(10), 1955-1973. PMID: 24127091.
  19. Lovato, C., Watts, A., Brown, K.S., Lee, D., Sabiston, C., Nykiforuk, C., Eyles, J., Manske, S., Campbell, H.S., & Thompson, M. (2013). School and community predictors of smoking: a longitudinal study of Canadian high schools. American Journal of Public Health, 103(2), 362-368. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.300922. Epub 2012 Dec 13. PubMed PMID: 23237165; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3558763.
  20. Minaker, L.M., Raine, K.D., Wild, T.C., Nykiforuk, C.I.J., Thompson, M.E., & Frank, L.D. (2013). Objective food environments and health outcomes: associations not mediated by perceptions. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 45(3), 289-96. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2013.05.008. PubMed PMID: 23953355.
  21. Mumtaz, Z., Salway, S., Nykiforuk, C., Bhatti, A., Attaullahjan, A., & Ayyalasomayajula, B. (2013). The role of social geography on Lady Health Workers’ mobility and effectiveness in Pakistan. Social Science & Medicine, 91, 48-57. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.05.007. Epub 2013 May 18. PubMed PMID: 23849238.
  22. Nykiforuk, C.I., Schopflocher, D., Vallianatos, H., Spence, J.C., Raine, K.D., Plotnikoff, R.C., VanSpronsen, E., & Nieuwendyk, L.M. (2013). Community Health and the Built Environment: examining place in a Canadian chronic disease prevention project. Health Promotion International, 28(2), 257-268. doi: 10.1093/heapro/dar093. Epub 2012 Jan 6. PubMed PMID: 22227803.
  23. Raine, K.D., Plotnikoff, R., Schopflocher, D., Lytvyak, E., Nykiforuk, C.I., Storey, K., Ohinmaa, A., Purdy, L., Veugelers, P., & Wild, T.C. (2013). Healthy Alberta Communities: impact of a three-year community-based obesity and chronic disease prevention intervention. Preventive Medicine, special issue on Population Health Intervention Research, 57(6), 955-962. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.08.024. Epub 2013 Sep 6. PubMed PMID: 24016521.
  24. Sanga, M.L., Schopflocher, D., Raine, K., Nykiforuk, C., & Plotnikoff, R. (2013). Adjusting divergences between self-reported and measured height and weight in an adult Canadian population. American Journal of Health Behavior, 37(6),841-850. doi:10.5993/AJHB.37.6.13. PubMed PMID: 24001633.
  25. Shopik, N.A., Schultz, A., Nykiforuk, C.I., Finegan, B., & Kvern, M.A. (2013). Impact of smoke-free grounds policies: patient experiences and perceptions. Health Policy, 108(1), 93-99. doi: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2012.08.006. Epub 2012 Aug 30. PubMed PMID: 22940063.
  26. Steadman, R., Nykiforuk, C.I.J., & Vallianatos, H. (2013). Active aging: hiking, walking, health, and healing. Anthropology & Aging Quarterly, 34(3), 87-99.
  27. Garvin, T., Nykiforuk, C.I.J., & Johnson, S. (2012). Can we get old here? Seniors’ perceptions of seasonal constraints of neighbourhood built environments in a northern, winter city. Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography, 94(4), 369-389.
  28. Nykiforuk, C.I.J., & Humeniuk, A. (2012). Geographic Information Systems. (Annotated Bibliography). In: Oxford Bibliographies Online: Public Health, (Commissioned review).
  29. Nykiforuk, C.I.J., Nieuwendyk, L.M., Mitha, S., & Hosler, I. (2012). Examining aspects of the built environment: an evaluation of a community walking map project. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 103(9), Suppl 3 (Canadian Evidence on Built Environment and Health): eS67-eS72. PubMed PMID: 23618093.
  30. Pittman, T.P., Nykiforuk, C.I.J., Mignone, J., Mandhane, P.J., Becker, A.B., & Kozyrskyj, A.L. (2012). The association between community stressors and asthma prevalence of school children in Winnipeg. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 9(2), 579-595. doi: 10.3390/ijerph9020579. Epub 2012 Feb 16. PubMed PMID: 22470311; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3315265.
  31. Raine, K.D., Muhajarine, N., Spence, J.C., Neary, N.E., & Nykiforuk, C.I.J. (2012). Coming to consensus on policy to create supportive built environments and community design. (Commentary). Canadian Journal of Public Health, 103(9), Suppl 3 (Canadian Evidence on Built Environment and Health): eS5-eS8. PubMed PMID: 23618090.
  32. Schopflocher, D., VanSpronsen, E., Spence, J.C., Vallianatos, H., Raine, K.D., Plotnikoff, R., & Nykiforuk, C.I.J. (2012). Creating neighbourhood groupings based on built environment features to facilitate health promotion activities. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 103(9), Suppl 3 (Canadian Evidence on Built Environment and Health): eS61-eS66. PubMed PMID: 23618092.
  33. Flaman, L.M., Plotnikoff, R.C., Nykiforuk, C.I., & Raine, K. (2011). Mechanisms for understanding the facilitators and barriers to capacity building for chronic disease prevention activities: an illustration. Health Promotion Practice, 12(6), 858-866. doi: 10.1177/1524839910366424. Epub 2010 Aug 20. PubMed PMID: 20729343.
  34. Montemurro, G.R., Berry, T.R., Spence, J.C., Nykiforuk, C., Blanchard, C., & Cutumisu, N. (2011). “Walkable by willpower”: resident perceptions of neighbourhood environments. Health & Place, 17(4), 895-901. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.04.010. Epub 2011 May 1. PubMed PMID: 21600835.
  35. Nykiforuk, C., & Flaman, L.M. (2011). Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for health promotion and public health: a review. Health Promotion Practice, 12(1), 63-73 doi: 10.1177/1524839909334624. Epub 2009 Jun 22. Review. PubMed PMID: 19546198.
  36. Nykiforuk, C.I.J., Vallianatos, H., & Nieuwendyk, L.M. (2011). Photovoice as a method for revealing community perceptions of the built and social environment. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 10(2), 103-124.
  37. Schultz, A.S.H., Finegan, B., Nykiforuk, C.I.J., & Kvern, M.A. (2011). A qualitative investigation of smoke-free policies on hospital grounds. CMAJ, 183(18), E1334-44. DOI:10.1503/cmaj.110235. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.110235. Epub 2011 Oct 31. PubMed PMID: 22042991; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3255146.
  38. Berry, T.R., Spence, J.C., Blanchard, C., Cutumitsu, N., Edwards, J., & Nykiforuk, C. (2010). Changes in BMI over 6 years: the role of demographic and neighborhood characteristics. International Journal of Obesity (Lond), 34(8), 1275-1283. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2010.36. Epub 2010 Feb 16. PubMed PMID: 20157324.
  39. Clark, M.I., Berry, T.R., Spence, J.C., Nykiforuk, C., Carlson, M., & Blanchard, C. (2010). Key stakeholder perspectives on the development of walkable neighbourhoods and food security. Health & Place, 16(1), 43-50. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2009.08.001. Epub 2009 Aug 20. PubMed PMID: 19733495.
  40. Flaman, L.M., Nykiforuk, C.I.J., Plotnikoff, R.C., & Raine, K. (2010). Exploring facilitators and barriers to individual and organizational level capacity building: outcomes of participation in a community priority setting workshop. Global Health Promotion, 17(2), 34-43. doi: 10.1177/1757975910365225. PubMed PMID: 20587629.
  41. Lovato, C.Y., Pullman, A.W., Halpin, P., Zeisser, C., Nykiforuk, C.I.J., Best, F., Diener, A., & Manske, S. (2010). The influence of school policies on smoking prevalence among students in grades 5-9 Canada, 2004-2005. Preventing Chronic Disease, 7(6), A129. Epub 2010 Oct 15. PubMed PMID: 20950536; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2995590.
  42. Lovato, C. Y., Pullman, A. W., Halpin, P., Zeisser, C., Nykiforuk, C. I., Best, F., Diener, A., & Manske, S. (2010). INVESTIGACIÓN ORIGINAL Influencia de los reglamentos antitabaco de las escuelas en los estudiantes de 5. o a 9. o grados, Canadá, 2004-2005. INVESTIGACIÓN, 7(6), 09_0199_es.
  43. Nykiforuk, C.I., Osler, G.E., & Viehbeck, S. (2010). The evolution of smoke-free spaces policy literature: a bibliometric analysis. Health Policy, 97(1), 1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2010.03.001. Epub 2010 Apr 8. Review. PubMed PMID: 20381188.
  44. Raine, K.D., Plotnikoff, R., Nykiforuk, C., Deegan, H., Hemphill, E., Storey, K., Schopflocher, D., Veugelers, P., Wild, T.C., & Ohinmaa, A. (2010). Reflections on community-based population health intervention and evaluation for obesity and chronic disease prevention: the Healthy Alberta Communities project. International Journal of Public Health, 55(6), 679-686. doi: 10.1007/s00038-010-0187-7. Epub 2010 Sep 3. PubMed PMID: 20814715.
  45. McDonald, P.W., Viehbeck, S., Robinson, S.J., Leatherdale, S.T., Nykiforuk, C.I.J., & Jolin, M.A. (2009). Building research capacity for evidence-informed tobacco control in Canada: a case description. Tobacco Induced Diseases, 5(1), 1-12. doi: 10.1186/1617-9625-5-12. PubMed PMID: 19664224; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2746799.
  46. Sabiston, C.M., Lovato, C.Y., Ahmed, R., Pullman, A.W., Hadd, V., Campbell, H.S., Nykiforuk, C., & Brown, K.S. (2009). School smoking policy characteristics and individual perceptions of the school tobacco context: are they linked to students’ smoking status? Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 38(10), 1374-1387. doi: 10.1007/s10964-009-9422-z. Epub 2009 Jun 7. PubMed PMID: 19779813; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2758151.
  47. Nykiforuk, C.I.J., Eyles, J., & Campbell, H.S. (2008). Smoke-free spaces over place and time: a policy diffusion study of bylaw development in Alberta and Ontario, Canada. Health and Social Care in the Community, 16(1), 64-74. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2524.2007.00727.x. PubMed PMID: 18181816.
  48. Lovato, C.Y., Hsu, H.C., Sabiston, C.M., Hadd, V., & Nykiforuk, C.I. (2007). Tobacco point-of-purchase in school neighbourhoods and school smoking prevalence: a descriptive study. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 98(4), 265-270. PubMed PMID: 17896733.
  49. Lovato, C.Y., Sabiston, C.M., Hadd, V., Nykiforuk, C.I., & Campbell, H.S. (2007). The impact of school smoking policies and student perceptions of enforcement on school smoking prevalence and location of smoking. Health Education Research, 22(6), 782-793. Epub 2006 Sep 20. PubMed PMID: 16987941.
  50. Nykiforuk, C., Campbell, S., Cameron, R., Brown, S., & Eyles, J. (2007). Relationships between community characteristics and municipal smoke-free bylaw status and strength. Health Policy, 80(2), 358-368. Epub 2006 May 6. PubMed PMID: 16678931.