Since 2009, the Chronic Disease Prevention Survey has been conducted in various jurisdictions throughout Canada. The survey measures the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of policy influencers and members of the general public. Understanding policy influencers’ ideas and public opinions around the risk factors related to chronic disease can help identify pathways to support evidence-based decision-making.
The Chronic Disease Prevention Survey consists of several interrelated sections polling respondents’ views on the causes of chronic disease; perspectives on health promotion; responsibility for health promotion policies and programs; contact with advocacy coalitions and lobbyists; and support for healthy public policies for improving diets, increasing physical activity, and reducing consumption of tobacco and alcohol. Policy influencers are asked the full breadth of survey items, while members of the public are asked a subset focusing on their views about the causes of chronic disease and support for healthy public policies.
Overview of completed surveys by year, jurisdictions and target population:
|General Public||Policy Influencer||Alberta||Manitoba||Northwest Territories||Quebec|
Information from the Chronic Disease Prevention Survey has been used by members of the Alberta Policy Coalition for Chronic Disease Prevention (APCCP) and other partners across Canada to advocate for healthy public policies like offering school food programs, banning flavoured tobacco, and taxing sugary beverages. Information from the survey has also been picked up by media outlets like the Canadian Broadcast Corporation; Global News; Metro News; and Talk Radio AM 630 (Edmonton), AM770 (Calgary), and AM640 (Toronto).
For more information about this project or to access survey data contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org
Currently, there are three additional waves of data collection planned for Alberta and Manitoba in 2017, 2019, and 2021.
The Intervention Ladder is a framework developed by the Nuffield Council on Bioethics to characterize the level of ‘intrusiveness’ of public health policy initiatives. Interventions at the bottom of the ladder are considered to maintain the general public’s individual freedom, and each step upwards is a progression towards restricting the general public’s freedom and increasing state intervention [Note: In our definition, businesses and government institutions (municipal, provincial, and federal) are not considered part of the ‘general public’. For that reason, we added an additional rung to the ladder labelled ‘Reorient Government Action’ that directly implicate the way government takes action (i.e., through changes in the policy development process, judicial opportunities / legal capacity, or reorienting revenue), as distinct from policies that directly impact individual autonomy. ‘Reorient government action’ policies are in a category of their own, hence the different colour/shape in the codebook, and are not considered to always be the ‘most intrusive’)]. This framework is a useful tool for understanding options for healthy public policy development: the higher an intervention is on the ladder, the less likely it will be considered publicly acceptable, and the stronger the justification will be needed for implementation.
There is currently limited (and sometimes conflicting) research evidence on how to interpret each rung of the ladder and at which rung certain interventions fit best. Below is our adaptation of the framework to include more detailed definitions of each rung, including examples of public health policy initiatives related to four important chronic disease risk factors: alcohol use, unhealthy eating, physical inactivity, and tobacco use.
Suggested Citation: PLACE Research Lab Project Team. (2017). PLACE Research Lab Intervention Ladder Policy Analysis Framework. Edmonton, AB: School of Public Health, University of Alberta.
Nykiforuk, C.I., Wild, T.C., & Raine, K.D. (2014). Cancer beliefs and prevention policies: comparing Canadian decision-maker and general population views. Cancer Causes and Control, 25(12), 1683-1696. doi: 10.1007/s10552-014-0474-3. Epub 2014 Oct 16. PubMed PMID: 25319013
Raine, K.D., Nykiforuk C.I., Vu-Nguyen, K., Nieuwendyk, L., VanSpronsen, E., Reed, S., & Wild, T.C. (2014). Understanding key influencers’ knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about healthy public policy change for obesity prevention. Obesity (Silver Spring), 22(11), 2426-2433. doi: 10.1002/oby.20860. Epub 2014 Aug 6. PubMed PMID: 25131938.
2016-2021 Alberta Innovates – Health Solutions
2014-2019 Canadian Institutes of Health Research in partnership with Public Health Agency of Canada and Alberta Innovates – Health Solutions (Dr. Candace Nykiforuk’s Applied Public Health Chair)
2016-2017 Canadian Institutes of Health Research
2014-2016 Canadian Partnership Against Cancer’s Coalitions Linking Action & Science for Prevention (CLASP) program (through POWER UP! which stands for Policy Opportunity Windows – Engaging Research Uptake in Practice)
2009-2011 Alberta Cancer Board – Population Health Innovative Intervention Fund